Monthly Archives: August 2013

Tips to Structure Your Research Report

A well defined topic/hypothesis is the first and most important step to a good thesis or report. One must do exhaustive research to find the ideal topic/hypothesis, which interest you. The research can be done in the library looking through journals of your major or on the PC online. I would suggest you have at least 20 to 30 references in total from both print and the internet. You will need to cite them in whatever style your assignment guidelines dictate (APA, MLA, Turabian). Please do not copy someone’s work (plagiarize) as it will only hurt you and you won’t gain anything from it. You can lookup how to cite in your style on the net. Hence, cite and write carefully!

I suggest you make a first rough copy and revise your report on the computer as you go through the process. Make sure you save your file with a familiar name and version from time to time as you do not want to lose the precious time and draft. Please pace your work and allow apply time for completion. Do not do last minute work. It will only hurt you.

A good research report has a particular structure to it. In the beginning of the report you will have a tile which should be short and catchy, an acknowledgement section to mention if anyone helped you, a table of contents section where you list the contents, a section with tables and diagrams listed, and a short abstract.

The next major section of the report is the main body. It should have an introduction, a statement of the problem addressed, the significance (mainly historical background), the purpose of the study, your hypothesis, what assumptions are being made, limitations to the study, and lastly definitions.

This is followed by a review of literature you researched and design and study section. Here your research design, procedures used sampling process, methods and instruments used is mentioned. This will be followed by an analysis and data section where you may put tables, text and figure support your work.

In the last part of a report one has a conclusion section where the problem must be restated, description of procedure is discussed, findings are highlighted and a note on what can be recommended in the future is made. This will be followed by a citation (reference) section.

If one follows this pattern to write his or her report he or she is bound to be successful in getting flying colours.

Time Management during Urgent Assignments

Everyone has been through this – having to submit some urgent assignment with scarcity of time. The trick is to manage your precious time carefully and diligently.

Time management means to do a complete planning and do an analysis first of how much time one has in hand. Then to see what tasks are need in order to complete the assignment. The entire task (assignment) needs to be broken down into chunks. It is not too much to handle and overwhelming.

The conscious budgeting of time will make the task easier. It will increase the effectiveness, quality and your efficiency with which the task can be completed on or before time.

There are numerous management methods one of them is POSEC method. The main idea of time management methods is to make the environment favorable and conducive to make the project assignment complete on time, setting the right priorities of the hour in place, carrying out the chunks of task on time and based on the priorities, and the reduction of wasting time on non-priorities (identifying them and not being disturbed or distracted by them). POSEC stands for: Prioritize by Organizing, Streamlining, Economizing and Contributing.

The POSEC Method helps to complete an assignment on time. It is a template for doing the task. The first step is to prioritize, means organize the project see what task need to be done in an order methodical way first. Also to see what tasks need not be done as well, to stop time wastage. Organization will help you accomplish the assignment at hand swiftly. A streamline system will help you walk through the entire assignment in a short period of time.

Economizing and contributing – when doing the assignment one does not want to spend too much time on any single task. You need to use your time economically as budgeted when making the organized map. Once you have done all these steps you will contribute to the task and the entire project will be completed with grand success.

Once you have a completed project one might want to proof read and check the entire project to see if everything has been done correctly. This is a good idea in urgent project where things tend to get neglected in a rush. If you follow these steps any urgent assignment can be completed in no time with great success and effectiveness.

Role of Research in Academic Growth

Research in various academic disciplines involves the systematic investigation of a problem with the proving or disproving of a well articulated hypothesis. A research problem is proved right or wrong based on some data collected during research which is presented in the form of a report/thesis. Research in this way helps add to the knowledge base of society.

New answers and solutions to old problems, development of new challenges, validation of old knowledge, addition to the professional base, personal achievement and growth and help to the society in large is achieved by academic research, making it very important.

In academia, research is reported as new finding aids, some historical output, case studies, survey results, some assessment findings, impact studies, and measurement of the performance of some variables in qualitative or quantitative mode. It all helps researchers and students to gain new insights and excel. There is professional growth by doing rigorous research. Even when the researcher goes out in the work environment he or she carries the experience base from research to solve real problems, and do well.

Today we have seen a knowledge explosion. Research is being done round the clock all over the world in science to humanities, in numerous disciplines. The research in academia is put in ink in journals, books and magazines. It helps future academics to understand the world and carry on with better research. Ultimately new research from an academic setting is transmitted to real life helping us led better lives. The academic earns a reward for his or her research and grows scholastically. He or she may even gain monetary reward. The more productive and interesting the research conducted the higher the chances of career growth.

Research in academia is important whatever the discipline. Today research is being done in interdisciplinary roles. Chemists, physicists and biologists, viz., work on a project together and they give a new twist to the research result. Research allows new funding opportunities, scholarship, development of new laboratories, development of new techniques, and teaching aids. Research in academic settings allows the professors to grow in knowledge, and intellect. Research opens new doors opportunities, helps them face new challenges, increase growth trends, and increases the employability of an individual.

Research in academics and even in the industrial setting requires special education, resources and support and training which are developed. On the whole the more research is done the more academics benefit in various waves of the spectrum of academia.

Teacher Student Interaction in Online Learning

Teacher student interaction in online education is important as it helps improve the quality of education delivered. Here a teacher regularly visits students in a group or individually and address queries, solves problems, or gives instructions at a fixed time in the week. The student does not feel left to his or her own faith. Without interaction online, the students may not be motivated and may procrastinate.

Online learning is growing in today’s world. It will be a huge market in the education market as it allows flexible learning to the student lowers cost and allows greater geographic coverage. Today cloud based online systems are growing, and are helping facilitate rapid learning in groups. Since, online learning is growing one must ask the question: What are the best practices that will enhance this type of learning that benefits the student and teacher alike?

Increased interaction during various levels of a step by step system of learning has been shown by research to improve satisfaction and improve learning outcomes. Communication between the students with a certain level of face to face sessions allows structured learning, increased sense of belonging, greater motivation to study, help in answering and solution to queries and improvement in the performance of the tutor in the online environment.

An important part of interactive learning through online systems is to develop a rapport between the teacher and student. The students may be from diverse backgrounds and through increased interaction the student feels greater satisfaction and sense of belonging to a bigger community, sharing goals, experience and opinions with the tutor and classmates in an interactive way. This has been shown to improve learning by research. The classroom may be global. IT Technology today permits such collaboration. During such interactions the teacher plays the role of a facilitator, coach, manager, or importantly as a mentor in the discussions.

Another facet is to encourage collaborative knowledge building and to engage exploratory learning. This can be done by allowing project work and presenting the learning with a group audience followed by questions and answers. Here too the tutor plays the role of a moderator and facilitator.
In the future because of the success of online learning more and more companies, universities and private professionals will use interactive models to enhance learning. The outcomes have been very favorable and rewarding for both the student and teacher. Perhaps new innovative modules will be designed and developed in this online world sphere of learning with new peak performance for students and teachers.

Engineering challenges in today’s time

Advanced civilization would not be the same without engineering. From Stone Age to space age engineering has played a vital role to help man progress. Today we have new problems to tackle. These are addressed as challenges for engineers.

Today we are in need of environmentally friendly energy requirements. The demand is high. Use fossil fuels have wrecked the environment. This is a challenge and top priority. One new challenge is to work out nuclear fusion here an exhaustive source of energy free of any pollution would be possible. The Nuclear energy technology that we have today needs to be made safer and more economical as well, this is also a challenge for engineers.

The role of capturing excess carbon dioxide and controlling the spill of excess nitrogen in its cycle will be another challenge for engineers. We need to make our environment safer at the same time we need to increase production and growth in agriculture, mining etc. to support growing populations. Hence, controlling the CO2 and N2 cycles will need new technologies.

Increasing and purifying water to a large quaintly and of better quality for masses of humans, agriculture and cleaning waste water resealed in the environment also dictates the development of newer methods and technology for the small and large scale models.

As man grows newer medical technology and techniques to solve medical problems will also be the need of the hour and face engineers to develop them. Diagnostics to treatment will need to be looked at. With progress in genetics medical treatments will be engineered to personalized treatment.

The progress of collection and storage of data in Information technology, improved services on the net, cyber security software and newer communication technologies will also be a new challenge that faces the engineering graduate. The threat by terrorists in modern society will also be a new challenge to address as well.

Man’s infrastructure is aging. More people are getting urbanized. Engineers will have to find new solutions to maintain old infrastructure, research new methods in construction, maintenance and in making newer modern materials for them. Old methods of exploration and exploitation of natural resources of the Earth will also need a boost in newer engineering that does not hurt the environment and is sustainable.

Engineers will in a nutshell, have to study and come up with new solutions to some of these newer problems faced by civilization today. Hopefully colleges and universities will size up their curricula to address these engineering challenges.